Advancing climate solutions
ExxonMobil continues to advance innovative solutions for a lower-emission energy future
The move to a lower-emission future requires multiple solutions that can be implemented at scale to address some of the highest-emitting sectors of the economy. This is where ExxonMobil is focused, leveraging our experience and long history of meeting vast complex challenges.
ExxonMobil leverages its core capabilities to meet society’s needs for products essential for modern life, while addressing the challenge of climate change. The strategy uses ExxonMobil's advantages in scale, integration, technology and people to build globally competitive businesses that lead industry in a broad range of scenarios. The Company plans to play a leading role in the energy transition, while retaining investment flexibility across a portfolio of evolving opportunities. Read more about ExxonMobil’s ongoing strategy in the Advancing Climate Solutions – 2022 Progress Report.
Permian Basin plan by 2030
ExxonMobil announced plans for reaching net zero Scope 1 and 2 greenhouse gas emissions for all operated unconventional assets by 2030 - a major step forward to support a lower-emissions future in the Permian Basin. This region is home to over 40% of ExxonMobil’s net oil and natural gas production in the U.S.
A comprehensive approach will be required to achieve one of the most ambitious and wide-reaching net zero plans in the Permian Basin, covering both direct greenhouse gas emissions from the company’s own operations (Scope 1) as well as indirect greenhouse gas emissions associated with electricity purchases (Scope 2).
How ExxonMobil plans to get there
Achieving net zero GHG emissions in the Permian by 2030 will help ExxonMobil meet its recently announced plan to reduce corporate-wide upstream GHG emissions intensity by 40-50% by 2030, when compared to 2016, and further support the ambitions of the Paris Agreement.
Plans to achieve net zero in the Texas and New Mexico region include*:
- Utilizing low-carbon electricity, which may include renewables, hydrogen, natural gas with carbon capture and storage or other emerging technologies
- Accelerating methane emissions detection
- Eliminate routine flaring
- Upgrading equipment
*We are evaluating possible methods to address residual greenhouse gas emissions, including the potential utilization of voluntary carbon offsets.Learn more about what's planned
Investing in solutions
The company’s sustained investment in R&D plays an important role in helping to develop breakthrough solutions in areas such as carbon capture, biofuels, hydrogen and energy-efficient process technology.
- Investments primarily focused on reducing GHG emissions from three sectors that emit 80% of all energy- related greenhouse gas emissions: power generation, industrial and commercial transportation.
- Invested in technology that could capture more than 90% of CO2* and prove up to six times more effective than conventional technology.
- Partnered with governments, academia and industry to research and develop biofuels, direct air capture for carbon technologies and lower the cost of carbon capture and storage to help support society’s ambition of net-zero GHG emissions by 2050.
- Since 2000, more than $10B has been invested to research, develop and deploy lower-emission energy solutions.
- Commitment of $15 billion through 2027 for projects that include GHG emissions reduction from EM operated assets (Scope 1 and 2) and increased investments in the Low Carbon Solutions business.
*According to the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions description on Carbon Capture and MIT’s Climate Portal on How Efficient is Carbon Capture and Storage
What is ExxonMobil’s climate strategy and role in helping advance the energy transition?
ExxonMobil is positioned to make a difference by:
• Reducing emissions in its operations through avoidance and improving energy efficiencies
• Providing products to help customers reduce their emissions
• Developing and deploying scalable technologies to help decarbonize highest-emitting sectors
• Proactively engaging on climate-related policy
What emission-cutting technologies is ExxonMobil developing?With a long history of scientific innovation combined with operational expertise, ExxonMobil is focused on decarbonizing a number of energy-intense sectors including manufacturing, transportation and power generation. Carbon capture and storage is an essential part of the portfolio alongside continued research and advancements in biofuels and hydrogen.
Can the world meet climate targets, including those in the Paris Agreement, without carbon capture and storage?The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the International Energy Agency (IEA) agree that CCS is one of the most important low-carbon technologies required to achieve society’s climate goals at the lowest cost.
Helping customers reduce emissions
ExxonMobil is delivering products and solutions that enable customers to meet production performance requirements while reducing their emissions and improving energy efficiency across the supply chain. Products and solutions include:
lower carbon solutions programs
Carbon capture and storage technology will be vital for the energy transition
With a long history of innovation, combined with scientific and operational expertise, ExxonMobil has the technical readiness to lead in carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies. Currently, CCS is one of the few technologies that could enable some industry sectors to decarbonize while also creating economic opportunities. The company has more than 30 years of experience in CCS technology, and is the first company to capture more than 120 million metric tons of CO2, which is equivalent to eliminating the emissions of more than 25 million cars for one year.
Carbon capture and storage can remove more than 90% of industrial CO2 emissions and the technology capability is available today. It's one of the critical technologies required to achieve net zero emissions and the climate goals outlined in the Paris Agreement. ExxonMobil is advancing plans for multiple new carbon capture and storage opportunities around the world to enable large-scale emission reductions.Learn more about carbon capture and storage
What is carbon capture and storage?
CCS is the process of capturing CO2 that would otherwise be released into the atmosphere and then injecting that CO2 into deep geologic formations for safe, secure and permanent storage. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the International Energy Agency (IEA) agree that CCS is one of the most important low-carbon technologies required to achieve societal climate goals at the lowest cost. CCS is also one of the few technologies that could enable some industry sectors to decarbonize, including the refining, chemicals, cement and steel sectors.
Capture and store CO2 in Houston
ExxonMobil is one of several companies with operations in the greater Houston area that have expressed interest in capturing CO2 emissions. The region has two features that make it an ideal site for CCS: a large concentration of industrial emission sources, and it’s located near geologic formations in the Gulf of Mexico region that could store large amounts of CO2 safely, securely and permanently.
Carbon capture and storage could help the city of Houston meet its climate leadership aspirations and achieve its goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2050.
With global demand for energy projected to grow by about 25% through 2040, ExxonMobil seeks to progress the science needed to deliver advanced biofuels with environmental benefits, identifying the best pathways to make these groundbreaking technologies available to consumers. The company is working alongside scientists at universities, government laboratories and companies to develop solutions for tomorrow’s commercial transportation that do not compete with food or water supplies.
Through these partnerships, ExxonMobil is focused on fundamental science and engineering, and ultimately the production of advanced biofuels that are affordable, sustainable and scalable. Examples include algae, corn stover, switchgrass or methane emitted from microbial activity in landfills. Among many other benefits, algae can be used to manufacture biofuels similar in composition to today’s transportation fuels.Learn more about biofuel development
Exploring the use of hydrogen
What is blue hydrogen?
Hydrogen that is produced when natural gas is combined with carbon capture and storage is considered blue hydrogen. Through a reforming process, the gas is separated into hydrogen and CO2. Before entering the atmosphere, the CO2 is then captured, securely transported and stored deep underground - leaving only hydrogen.
Because hydrogen does not produce any CO2 emissions at its point of use, blue hydrogen production has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It may one day be the lowest-cost option to decarbonize some sectors such as industrial heating, residential heating in extremely cold climates and heavy-duty vehicles.
Blue hydrogen hub in Southern England
If the technical and business feasibility of the initiative is confirmed, a facility to capture nearly 2 million metric tons of CO2 annually could be constructed near the Southampton industrial cluster. The captured CO2 would then be shipped offshore for safe and permanent storage.
Learn more about ExxonMobil’s hydrogen plans
Partnerships and collaborations
supportive of policy
ExxonMobil’s scientists and engineers are working to develop innovative and scalable solutions to help reduce emissions, with a focus on the highest-emitting and most-difficult-to-decarbonize sectors of the economy: commercial transportation, power generation and heavy industry. But to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement, durable, predictable, market-driven policies are needed to produce the greatest emissions reductions at the lowest cost to society.
Public policy decisions are made at all levels of government and have significant effects on our current and future operations. ExxonMobil supports policies that promote a stable investment climate for long-term business viability and continues to communicate our positions to policy stakeholders and governments around the world.
- Establishing a market price on carbon will play an important part by providing the needed clarity and stability required to drive investment.
- No single technology on its own can enable society to achieve its lower-emission ambitions.
- Predictable, stable, cost-effective policies are necessary to incentivize the development and scalability of a wide range of lower-emission technologies across the economy.
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