ExxonMobil and carbon capture and storage: A Texas-sized call to action
Low Carbon Solutions business calls for carbon capture and storage concept that could effectively decarbonize industrial areas like the Houston Ship Channel
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is one of the few proven technologies that could enable some heavy-emitting sectors to decarbonize, such as manufacturing and heavy industry. We’ve been studying the concept of multi-user CCS zones in major industrial areas that are located near safe geologic storage sites. We believe the Houston Ship Channel is ideally suited for a CCS project of this magnitude, and ExxonMobil is well-placed to help lead this challenging, complex project.
"As the world’s leader in CCS, with about 40% of the total anthropogenic CO2 captured to date and multiple CCS projects underway around the world, ExxonMobil is eager to play our part to advance this promising concept."
~ExxonMobil Chairman and CEO Darren Woods
A bold plan to capture and store CO2
CCS could enable the United States to safely capture and store hundreds of millions of metric tons of CO2 each year that otherwise would be released into the atmosphere.
This concept could help the city of Houston meet its climate leadership aspirations and achieve its goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2050.
Frequently asked questions
What is carbon capture and storage?
Why did the Company create ExxonMobil Low Carbon Solutions?
To commercialize and deploy technologies that will have a demonstrable impact on lowering emissions.Learn more
In addition to CCS, what is ExxonMobil doing to reduce emissions?
Expanding CCS opportunities
The International Energy Agency calls CCS one of the critical technologies required to achieve net-zero emissions and the climate goals outlined in the Paris Agreement.
ExxonMobil Low Carbon Solutions plans:
- Focus initially on carbon capture and storage, as well as hydrogen production and other lower-carbon opportunities
- Leverage ExxonMobil’s experience and capabilities
- Promote supportive policies and regulatory frameworks
- Establish partnerships and coalitions
- Invest ~$3 billion on lower-emission energy solutions through 2025, adding to the more than $10 billion ExxonMobil has invested since 2000
Cumulative volume of CO2 captured since 1970
(Million metric tons)
120M metric tons of CO2 - more than any other companyExxonMobil has cumulatively captured more CO2 than any other company – 120 million metric tons – accounting for approximately 40 percent of all the anthropogenic CO2 that has ever been captured.
CCS Spotlight: The Porthos CO2 storage pipeline
In the Netherlands, ExxonMobil is working with a coalition of government and industry partners to advance the Port of Rotterdam CO2 Transportation Hub and Offshore Storage (Porthos) project. The infrastructure will enable industrial sites in the port, like ExxonMobil’s petrochemical complex, to capture and supply CO2 to a shared pipeline, so it can be stored deep beneath the North Sea seabed 20km off the Dutch coast.
With potential support from the European and Dutch governments, the initiatives could position ExxonMobil’s Rotterdam refinery as an attractive location for a hydrogen project with CCS and for pilot testing ExxonMobil’s carbonate fuel cell technology.
The Porthos infrastructure will offer companies a way to transport and permanently store captured CO2. Different companies will supply CO2 to a shared pipeline that runs through the port area. After the CO2 is pressurized in a compressor station, it will be transported through an offshore pipeline to the storage site, an empty natural gas field located approximately 20 km off the Dutch coast.
ExxonMobil – a leader in CCS with more than 30 years of experience in developing and deploying CCS technologies – has been involved in the Porthos project from the early days of its conception.
“We are committed to reducing CO2 at our Rotterdam petrochemical complex,” says Harro van de Rhee, ExxonMobil’s CO2 Reduction Strategy Venture Executive for Europe. “This is why we've been engaged in realizing the promise of the Porthos project.
“We believe that having a backbone and infrastructure to transport and store CO2 is going to be a competitive advantage for the Port of Rotterdam," according to Harro. "For ExxonMobil, this infrastructure will facilitate future CCS projects at our petrochemical complex in Rotterdam."
Not only will the project offer the Port of Rotterdam a competitive advantage, Harro notes, “it would also position our Rotterdam site as an attractive location for CCS technology demonstration plants, like the Carbonate Fuel Cell technology.”
Current plans aim for having the Porthos infrastructure built and functioning by the end of 2023.
How will Porthos work?