About Guyana

Article Nov. 13, 2019

About Guyana
Located on the northern mainland of South America, Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south, Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west. Spanning 215,000 square kilometers (83,000 square miles), Guyana is the fourth-smallest and only English-speaking country on mainland South America.
Guyana map

Guyana was first colonized by the Dutch from 1667–1814, then by the British from 1814–1966 and gained Independence on 26 May 1966.

The country is comprised of 10 administrative regions. Georgetown is the capital and is located on the coast. Guyana’s population, according to the CIA World Fact book, was estimated in 2016 to be 735,000 with 90 percent living on the coast.

There are 7,900 kilometers of roadway and 1,000 kilometers of navigable waterways including the Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo rivers. There are two international airports; Cheddi Jagan International Airport and Eugene F. Correia International Airport, and other airstrips in the hinterland regions.

Guyana is culturally diverse, which contributes to the vibrant nature of the country.

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