Chad-Cameroon project environmental protection

The project’s intensive efforts to safeguard the land, water and air that might be affected by its operations resulted in an exemplary environmental protection record in 2016. These efforts focus on a wide range of non-stop operations that start in the Chadian oilfields, include all 1,070 kilometers of the pipeline and end at the Floating Storage and Offloading vessel 12 kilometers off the Cameroon coast.

Article Aug. 13, 2017

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Chad-Cameroon project environmental protection

Boundary markers help protect the pipeline

​Pipeline right of way marker

Since 2015, COTCO has installed thousands of brightly painted concrete pillars at key points along the pipeline route in Cameroon to demarcate the boundary between the right of way (ROW) and privately owned properties or land used by villages. The markers are installed to help manage the increased number of interactions between the pipeline ROW and third-parties. While these interactions are an indicator of the growth and development happening throughout the country, they can also pose risks to the integrity of the pipeline unless managed properly.

COTCO accelerated this program in 2016, contracting with Locally Formed Organizations (LFOs) representing 31 villages to provide 300 workers to fabricate and place the markers along the pipeline. By the end of 2016 the project had installed 5,800 markers over 65 kilometers of pipeline. Generally the markers are installed near major cities and towns and other third-party construction projects, as these attract people who want to be near a potential business opportunity.

Working directly with the LFOs ensures that local communities benefit as much as possible from their proximity to the pipeline. Under this arrangement, COTCO provides the specifications and training to ensure safe and effective fabrication and installation, and the work is then managed by the local LFO.

The objectives of the marker program are to:

  • Ensure the boundaries of the ROW are clearly visible to third-parties
  • Prevent any unauthorized activity in the ROW
  • Enhance economic growth of local suppliers
  • Strengthen capacity building in local communities
  • Increase earnings flowing to these communities

This is one of several steps the project takes to mitigate the risk of interactions with third parties that threaten the integrity of the pipeline. For more information on how COTCO is working with local communities and their LFOs, review our Economic Development section.

​Local Cameroon org manufactures and places right of way markers along pipeline
Photo — In addition to grass cutting and other maintenance and monitoring activities that ensure the pipeline integrity, a local organization in Yebi (near Pump Station 3), like groups in many other villages along the ROW, is manufacturing and placing ROW boundary indicators.

Managing interactions with construction projects

Successfully managing the increasing number of interactions between major construction projects in Cameroon and the pipeline is a constant challenge for COTCO, which must protect the integrity of the pipeline and its adjacent environment without constraining additional economic development in the country.

With the Lom Pangar Hydroelectric Dam Project and the first phase of the Port of Kribi construction nearing completion, 2016 saw construction move forward on another massive project, a 195-kilometer highway linking Cameroon’s national capital Yaoundé and its commercial capital Douala. The route chosen for the highway crosses the pipeline several kilometers outside of Yaoundé.

Well before breaking ground, the Cameroonian government and COTCO worked with the Chinese construction company to develop a solution that would allow the highway to safely cross the pipeline. Elevating the highway above the level of the pipeline and over a steel-reinforced concrete housing (pictured) will give COTCO access to the section of the pipeline that crosses under the highway.

EEPCI significantly reduces accumulated waste

​Chadian hazardous waste storage
EEPCI works with the Chadian waste mgmt co SOTRADA

EEPCI significantly reduced the amount of waste generated and accumulated in Chad in 2016. This was partially due to the suspension of drilling activities, which generated waste that was processed or stored at project facilities in the OFDA. However, EEPCI’s support of Chad’s first industrial waste treatment company, SOTRADA, led to a significant reduction of hazardous waste in 2016 that had accumulated over a number of years. With support from its first customer EEPCI, SOTRADA was able to meet internationally recognized standards to manage waste, whether through recycling, incineration or landfill. SOTRADA’s success has created a new industry in Chad, an example of EEPCI’s contribution to the local business environment.

Since 2015, EEPCI has been working with the Chadian waste management company SOTRADA to treat its industrial waste. EEPCI has worked extensively with the company to support the growth of this local business and ensure the company developed the requisite expertise and capability to meet international standards for responsible management of industrial waste. Resulting from this successful partnership, EEPCI has been able to significantly reduce its backlog of waste.

The table below shows the significant reduction in waste generated by the project and also the reduction in accumulated waste at the project’s Komé Waste Management Facility.

Waste management (tonnes) 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Domestic garbage incinerated on site 2,171 2,674 1,766 1,127 642
Innocuous solid waste buried (landfill) 935 853 517 1,778 173
Non-hazardous waste recycled to local communities 1,548 1,300
Non-hazardous waste sent to approved third-party facilities for re-use, recycling or disposal 2,005 2,000 1,390 1,191 5,342
Accumulated hazardous waste 1,107 1,958 3,744 4,350 305
Contaminated soil incinerated N/AN/A 630 350 1,772

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Environmental Management Plan (EMP)

Project activities are guided by one of the most rigorous Environmental Management Plans (EMP) in the history of sub-Saharan Africa. It contains precise specifications on a wide range of environmental and socioeconomic measures that the project must undertake. Significant events related to EMP requirements in 2016 included project donations to the Foundation for Environment and Development (FEDEC) benefiting indigenous people in Cameroon and the resolution of three lengthy, complex community disputes with the project.

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Chad-Cameroon land use and compensation

With no need for new land in 2016, EEPCI continued its policy of returning land to communities. Borrow pits no longer required by the project contributed to most of the nearly 100 hectares of land that were returned to communities in 2016. At the same time it followed up on compensation programs that provide sustainable benefits to farmers whose land was used in the past.

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villagers patrol around pipeline

Economic development in Chad and Cameroon

Even in the current low oil price environment, the project has continued to make significant contributions to the economies of Chad and Cameroon. These contributions include government revenues; employment training and jobs, almost all of which are held by nationals of the two countries; the purchase of local goods and services; and the transfer of business and technical knowledge to a growing number of entrepreneurs.

Chad and Cameroon Article Aug. 13, 2017

Employees of EEPCI contractor SENEV Tchad finishing a set of desks for local villages

Chad-Cameroon's community engagement

In recent years the project has had little need for more land in or around the OFDA and the pipeline corridor, resulting in a significant reduction in compensation being paid to individuals and communities. Because EEPCI, TOTCO and COTCO want to continue their close, positive long-term relationships with these communities, all three companies have continued to reach out to local municipalities and to provide support, with an emphasis on schools and other forms of sustainable development.

Chad and Cameroon Article Aug. 13, 2017