Positioning for a lower-carbon energy future

Report April 23, 2021

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Positioning for a lower-carbon energy future
Image A tanker being loaded with LNG at ExxonMobil's terminal in Papua New Guinea.

A tanker being loaded with LNG at ExxonMobil's terminal in Papua New Guinea. 


Oil and natural gas remain important energy sources even across the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Lower 2°C scenarios. Natural gas is expected to play a key role in the projected demand shift from coal to lower-emission fuels for power generation and industrial use.

ExxonMobil is progressing 12 million tonnes per year of low-cost liquefied natural gas (LNG) supply opportunities to meet the growing global demand. This includes potential projects in Papua New Guinea (PNG), Mozambique and in the United States. As one of the largest natural gas producers in the U.S. and a significant producer of LNG around the world, the Company is well positioned to meet the future demand for these resources.

Rising oil demand will be driven by commercial transportation and the chemical industry's use of oil as a feedstock; fuel demand for light-duty vehicles is expected to decrease, reflecting efficiency improvements and growth in alternative fuels.


Global demand for commercial transportation fuels, higher-value lube basestock grades, and finished lubricants is expected to grow, while worldwide gasoline demand will likely peak and then begin declining. Over the past several decades, through the application of advantaged technologies, capital redeployment and divestment, ExxonMobil has created a resilient portfolio of manufacturing sites. Portfolio improvement activity included the divestment of 22 of 43 refinery sites since 2000. In addition, competitiveness has been improved by co-locating approximately 80 percent of refining capacity with chemical or lube basestock manufacturing. ExxonMobil's average refinery throughput is 75 percent larger than industry providing economies of scale for lower cost transportation fuel production. The Company invests in advantaged, integrated assets with proprietary process and catalyst technology to improve the yield of high-value products consistent with demand trends. This continuous high-grading of the portfolio has positioned the Company's downstream business to remain competitive across a wide range of future scenarios (see chart below).

ExxonMobil's downstream product shift

2027 vs. 2017

Image ExxonMobil's downstream product shift


Worldwide demand for chemicals is expected to rise by approximately 40 percent by 2030, underpinned by global population growth, an expanding middle class and demand for increased living standards. These factors, together with a recognition of the lower greenhouse gas emissions of plastics versus alternatives,1 correspond to an increase in demand for a variety of everyday products, from food packaging to appliances, vehicle parts to clothing. Many of ExxonMobil's chemical products help customers reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by making cars lighter and more fuel efficient, improving recyclability and extending products‘ shelf life, therefore, reducing waste. Due to robust growing demand, the Company's investment strategy is targeted at high-value sectors with approximately 70 percent of new planned capacity additions focused on its performance products (see chart below). 

Potential new areas of investment

In addition to major capital investments in base business lines, the Company is also investing in significant research and development (R&D) programs that will create potential opportunities to enhance and expand its portfolio. These programs include R&D efforts in CCS, hydrogen, advanced biofuels and energy-efficient manufacturing

Performance product sales growth

volume, indexed

Image Performance product sales growth
1 Lower overall greenhouse gas emissions of plastics over alternatives is over the full life cycle of the plastic. American Chemistry Council (ACC), 2018. Life cycle impacts of plastic packaging compared to substitutes in the United States and Canada, theoretical substitution analysis. Prepared by Franklin Associates for ACC.

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Mitigating emissions in Company operations

ExxonMobil has a robust set of processes to improve energy efficiency and mitigate emissions, including programs focused on reducing methane emissions, flaring and venting. These processes include, where appropriate, setting tailored objectives at the business, site and equipment level, and then stewarding progress toward meeting those objectives. This rigorous approach is effective to promote efficiencies and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in operations while striving to achieve industry-leading performance. 

Energy and Carbon Summary Report April 23, 2021


Strong governance is essential to the long-term viability of ExxonMobil's business. Within the Company's robust governance framework, a rigorous risk management approach is applied to identify and address risks associated with its business, including the risks related to climate change. 

Energy and Carbon Summary Report April 23, 2021

Metrics and targets

ExxonMobil has established programs to drive improvements in energy efficiency and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.

These programs are supported by key performance metrics, which are utilized to identify and prioritize opportunities to drive progress.

Energy and Carbon Summary Report April 23, 2021

Scope 3 emissions

ExxonMobil has publicly reported the Company’s Scope 1 and Scope 2 greenhouse gas emissions data for many years. The 2025 emission reduction plans are based on Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions and are projected to be consistent with the goals of the Paris Agreement.

Energy and Carbon Summary Report April 23, 2021