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Technology helps us do more with less


Technology helps us do more with less

  • Global energy demand grows more slowly than world GDP, implying falling energy intensity (amount of energy used to produce a unit of GDP)
  • From 2000 to 2016, energy intensity declined about 1 percent per year, the rate of improvement from 2016 to 2040 is likely to approach 2 percent per year
  • Meanwhile, the carbon intensity of energy (CO2 content per unit of energy used) has been fairly flat; the pace of improvement is likely to pick up from 2016 to 2040
  • The combined effect is reflected in decreasing carbon intensity of the world economy (tonnes CO2 per unit of GDP), which is expected to be about 40 percent lower by 2040 as global energy demand rises about 25 percent