Skip to main content
Transportation growth relative to GDP


Global transportation energy demand relative to GDP

  • Growth in personal mobility (vehicle miles traveled) and commercial transportation services (ton-miles of freight, passenger-miles of air travel) has tracked with GDP
  • Continued economic growth, particularly in non-OECD countries, will result in increased demand for all transportation services
  • Recent trends show a decoupling of economic growth and transportation energy demand, reflecting growing efficiency
  • Significant increases in future fuel economy across all transportation modes will lead to a further decoupling of transportation services and energy demand