Located on the northern mainland of South America, Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south, Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west. With 215,000 square kilometres (83,000 square miles), Guyana is the fourth-smallest and only English-speaking country on mainland South America.
Guyana was first colonized by the Dutch 1667–1814, then by the British 1814–1966 and gained Independence on 26 May 1966.
The country is comprised of ten administrative regions, the capital and only city located on the coast is Georgetown. Guyana’s population according to the CIA World Factbook was estimated in 2016 to be 735,000 persons, with 90% living on the coast.
There are 7,900 kilometres of roadway and 1,000 kilometres of navigable waterways including the Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo rivers. There are two international airports, Cheddi Jagan International Airport and Eugene F. Correia International Airport, among other airstrips in the hinterland regions.
Guyana is culturally diverse, which contributes to the vibrant nature of the country.