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Technology takes on CO2

How innovations in technology, energy production and usage will reduce CO2 emissions per capita by 2040.

Global energy demand grows.

As global populations grow and living standards improve, the world faces the dual challenge of meeting rising energy demand while reducing CO2 emissions.

Global population will rise 25%

However, energy-related CO2 emissions

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CO2 emissions will peak in the 2030s and then decline.

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New technologies in energy exploration fuel the energy mix.

Innovative exploration and drilling technologies will help find and unlock abundant natural gas resources, providing a vital energy source as well as a reliable backup source for intermittent supplies from wind and solar.

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Natural gas emits up to 60% fewer CO2 emissions than coal when used in power generation.

Coal has historically been the world’s most common fuel for generating electricity.

Natural gas is an ideal partner for wind and solar energy’s intermittent power.

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CO2-reducing power plant innovations.

Our researchers are hard at work on one promising new innovation — using fuel cell technology to capture carbon. It captures CO2 before it leaves power plants and compresses it so the CO2 can be stored underground, preventing it from reaching the atmosphere. Developing this and other Carbon Capture and Storage technologies will help reduce CO2 emissions at power plants.

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Less CO2 is right at home in 2040.

Worldwide, households will become more energy efficient as millions of people enter the middle class. New cars will achieve more miles per gallon and homes will be more energy efficient.

Efficient energy for households.

Energy use per household falls 15 percent from 2015-2040. Biomass fuels (wood and charcoal) are expected to decrease in the energy mix as more efficient energy sources are used.

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Efficient vehicles on the road.

Global average fuel economy for new cars is expected to improve by nearly 70 percent.

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Efficient energy for households.

Energy use per household falls 15 percent from 2015-2040. Biomass fuels (wood and charcoal) are expected to decrease in the energy mix as more efficient energy sources are used.

Efficient vehicles on the road.

Global average fuel economy for new cars is expected to improve by nearly 70 percent.

    • 2015
    • 2040
  • Natural gas

    • 23%
    • 26%
  • Wind/Solar

    • 5%
    • 13%
  • Other

    • 6%
    • 6%
    • 2015
    • 2040
  • Hydro

    • 16%
    • 14%
  • Nuclear

    • 11%
    • 13%
  • Coal

    • 39%
    • 28%

Technology helps us do more with less.

All these improvements will make the global economy more efficient, meaning less energy is needed to create and trade goods and services.

Energy Intensity falls 38% by 2040

What is Energy Intensity? The amount of energy used per unit of economic output.

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Energy Intensity falls 38% by 2040

What is Energy Intensity? The amount of energy used per unit of economic output.

2015

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7,600 BTUs used per dollar of GDP

2040

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4,700 BTUs used per dollar of GDP

What is a BTU? A British Thermal Unit measures the output of different types of energy sources. For example, one gallon of gasoline is about 125,000 BTUs.

2015

Asset 2dollar

7,600 BTUs used per dollar of GDP

2040

Asset 2dollar

4,700 BTUs used per dollar of GDP

What is a BTU? A British Thermal Unit measures the output of different types of energy sources. For example, one gallon of gasoline is about 125,000 BTUs.

Innovation drives CO2 reduction.

Faced with a growing global population, increasing wages and evolving energy needs, advancements in technology offer hope for the future of our environment. CO2 emissions in 2040 will be reduced by a move to natural gas and renewable energy sources as well as more efficient personal and industrial energy use.

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